Bi4Ge3O12 refers to a scintillation crystal made from Bismuth Oxide and Germanium Oxide. BGO is a widely used inorganic scintillator material known for its several desirable characteristics in radiation detection and medical imaging applications, such as high density, high effective atomic number, and high stopping power for gamma rays.
YAP (Ce) scintillator crystal has fast decay time(28 ns) abd relatively high light yield(40% of NaI:TI), the emission peak is 360-380 nm, which can be effectively matched with most of the current read out system. YAP(ce) can be machining precisely, used for gamma and x-ray counting, electron microscopy, electron and X-ray imaging screens.
Cerium doped silicate yttrium, YSO(Ce), belongs to monoclinic rare earth ortho-silicate crystal, it is similar with the LYSO(ce) crystal, while generally used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. YSO(ce) crystal shares the same emission peak 420 nm with LYSO(ce),
Plastic scintillators are materials that emit light when exposed to ionizing radiation, such as alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays. They are composed of a scintillating organic polymer, typically containing aromatic compounds, doped with fluorescent molecules or luminophores.